Log in

No account? Create an account

Previous 10

Dec. 4th, 2010

Passport Renewal

Its been a while since my last entry that is not from my e-mail.. I think my last entry was way back from 2009.. So I decided to write a entry, and because I have not been practicing my english since I left the hospital.

Last night(Dec 3 2010) my father told me to wake up at 11AM and prepare because the 3 of us (my father, brother and me) were going to renew our expired passports. I thought we were going to the DFA near MOA. But, I thought wrong he brought us to the Quezon City Hall. My father told me that the government of Quezon City has a program that issues passports for Quezon City residents but, for a limited number of applicants if I heard right the maximum is only 500.

The whole process took less than 2 hours and while waiting I watched 2 episodes of Jigoku Shoujo Live Action, played Tekken 6 etc. When it was already my turn they took my photo and other needed including my application form(hindi mawawala yan hahaha), after that they told me to come back on Jan 8.

After we were done in there, we went to Trinoma because my brother needed to fit his new glasses.After that we ate at burger king because my stupid idiot of a brother always opposes my choice of restaurants. hmm

O well that's all for my adventure for today. hay naku sana tinagalog ko na lang ang hirap talagang mag ENGLISH hahahaha..

Aug. 30th, 2010

You May Poison Yourself Accidentally

(I Found this on my e-mail)      


In Taiwan , a woman suddenly died unexpectedly with signs of bleeding from her ears, nose, mouth & eyes. After a preliminary autopsy it was diagnosed death due to arsenic poisoning death. Where did the arsenic come from?

The police launched an in-depth and extensive investigation. A medical school professor was invited to come to solve the case.

The professor carefully looked at the contents from the deceased's stomach, in less than half an hour, the mystery was solved... The professor said: 'The deceased did not commit suicide and neither was she murdered, she died of accidental death due to ignorance!'

Everyone was puzzled, why accidental death? The arsenic is of the U.S. military for carrying rice seedlings H Gao. The professor said:
The police launched an in-depth and extensive investigation. A medical school professor was invited to come to solve the case.

The professor carefully looked at the contents from the deceased's stomach, in less than half an hour, the mystery was solved... The professor said: 'The deceased did not commit suicide and neither was she murdered, she died of accidental death due to ignorance!'

Everyone was puzzled, why accidental death? The arsenic is of the U.S. military for carrying rice seedlings H Gao. The professor said:
'The arsenic is produced in the stomach of the deceased.' The deceased used to take 'Vitamin C' everyday, which in itself is not a problem. The problem was that she ate a large portion of shrimp/prawns during dinner. Eating shrimp/prawns is not the problem that's why nothing happened to her family even though they took the same dinner. However, at the decesased also took Vitamin C , that is where the problem is!

Researchers at the University of Chicago in the United States , found through experiments, food such as soft-shell shrimp/prawn contains a much higher concentration of - five potassium arsenic compounds...

Such fresh food by itself has no toxic effects on the human body. However, in taking 'vitamin C', due to the chemical reaction, the original non-toxic - five potassium arsenic (As anhydride, also known as arsenic oxide, the chemical formula for As205) changed to a three potassium toxic arsenic (ADB arsenic anhydride), also known as arsenic trioxide, a chemical formula (As203), which is commonly known as arsenic to the public!

Researchers at the University of Chicago in the United States , found through experiments, food such as soft-shell shrimp/prawn contains a much higher concentration of - five potassium arsenic compounds...

Such fresh food by itself has no toxic effects on the human body. However, in taking 'vitamin C', due to the chemical reaction, the original non-toxic - five potassium arsenic (As anhydride, also known as arsenic oxide, the chemical formula for As205) changed to a three potassium toxic arsenic (ADB arsenic anhydride), also known as arsenic trioxide, a chemical formula (As203), which is commonly known as arsenic to the public!

Arsenic poisoning have magma role and can cause paralysis to the small blood vessels, "mercapto Jimei"??, inhibits the activity of the liver and fat necrosis change Hepatic Lobules Centre, heart, liver, kidney, intestine congestion, epithelial cell necrosis, telangiectasia. Therefore, a person who dies of arsenic poisoning will show signs of bleeding from the ears, nose, mouth & eyes.

Therefore; as a precautionary measure, DO NOT EAT shrimp/prawn when taking 'vitamin C'.

Apr. 28th, 2010

Safety Reminder: A useful safety reminder if you have a car and use handphone.

Found this message over my email because I was deleting some spam messages.

A useful safety reminder if you have a car and use handphone.
Please send this in formation to ALL your family & friends, especially those who have kids in the car with them while pumping gas. If this were to happen, they may not be able to get the children out in time.
Shell Oil Comments - A MUST READ

Safety Alert!
Here's some reasons why we don't allow cell phones in operating areas, propylene oxide handling and storage area, propane, gas and diesel refueling areas. 

The Shell Oil Company recently issued a warning after three incidents in which mobile phones (cell phones) ignited fumes during fueling operations 

In the first case, the phone was placed on the car's trunk lid during fueling; it rang and the ensuing fire destroyed the car and the gasoline pump. 

In the second
, an individual suffered severe burns to their face when fumes ignited as they answered a call while refueling their car! 

And in the third
, an individual suffered burns to the thigh and groin as fumes ignited when the phone, which was in their pocket, rang while they were fueling their car. 

You should know that: Mobile Phones can ignite fuel or fumes 

Mobile phones that light up when switched on or when they ring release enough energy to provide a spark for ignition 

Mobile phones should not be used in filling stations, or when fueling lawn mowers, boat, etc. 

Mobile phones should not be used, or should be turned off, around other materials that generate flammable or explosive fumes or dust, (I.e., solvents, chemicals, gases, grain dust, etc...) 

TO sum it up, here are the Four Rules for Safe Refueling: 

1) Turn off engine 
2) Don't smoke
3) Don't use your cell phone - leave it inside the vehicle or turn it 0ff 
4) Don't re-enter your vehicle during fueling.

Bob Renkes of Petroleum Equipment Institute is working on a campaign to try and make people aware of fires as a result of 'static electricity' at gas pumps. His company has researched 150 cases of these fires. 

His results were very surprising: 
1) Out of 150 cases, almost all of them were women. 
2) Almost all cases involved the person getting back in their vehicle while the nozzle was still pumping gas. When finished, they went back to pull the nozzle out and the fire started, as a result of static. 
3) Most had on rubber-soled shoes. 
4) Most men never get back in their vehicle until completely finished. This is why they are seldom involved in these types of fires. 
5) Don't ever use cell phones when pumping gas 
6) It is the vapors that come out of the gas that cause the fire, when connected with static charges. 
7) There were 29 fires where the vehicle was re-entered and the nozzle was touched during refueling from a variety of makes and models. Some resulted in extensive damage to the vehicle, to the station, and to the customer. 
8) Seventeen fires occurred before, during or immediately after the gas cap was removed and before fueling began.

Mr. Renkes stresses to NEVER get back into your vehicle while filling it with gas.
If you absolutely HAVE to get in your vehicle while the gas is pumping, make sure you get out, close the door TOUCHING THE METAL, before you ever pull the nozzle out. This way the static from your body will be discharged before you ever remove the nozzle. 

As I mentioned earlier, The Petroleum Equipment Institute, along with several other companies now, are really trying to make the public aware of this danger. 

I ask you to please send this in formation to ALL your family and friends, especially those who have kids in the car with them while pumping gas. If this were to happen to them, they may not be able to get the children out in time. Thanks for passing this along. (Email)

Or you could also post this article on your blogs.

Mar. 17th, 2010


Found this on my email.. just wanted to share

Please. read the
contents below & pass to your friends  

Three types of asparagus on a shop display, with white asparagus at the back and green asparagus in the middle. The plant at the front is
Ornithogalum pyrenaicum, is commonly called wild asparagus,

Several years ago, I had a man seeking asparagus for a friend who had cancer. He gave me a
photocopied copy of an article,entitled, `Asparagus for cancer ' printed in Cancer News Journal, December 1979.

     I will share it here, just as it was shared with me: 'I am a biochemist,and have specialized in the relation of diet to health for over 50 years.
  Several years ago, I learned of the discovery of Richard R.Vensal, D.D.S. that asparagus might cure cancer. Since then, I have worked with him on his project.. We have accumulated a number of favourable case histories.
Here are a few examples:

Case No. 1,
 A man with an almost hopeless case of Hodgkin's disease (cancer of the lymph glands) who was completely incapacitated. Within 1 year of starting the asparagus therapy, his doctors were unable to detect any signs of cancer, and he was back on a schedule of strenuous exercise.
Case No. 2,

A successful businessman 68 years old who suffered from cancer of  the bladder for 16 years. After years of medical treatments,includin g radiation without improvement, he went on asparagus. Within 3 months, examinations revealed that his bladder tumor had disappeared and that his kidneys were normal.

Case No. 3,

 A man who had lung cancer. On March 5th 1971, he was put on the operating table where they found lung cancer so widely spread that it was inoperable. The surgeon sewed him up and declared his case hopeless. On April 5th he heard about the asparagus therapy and immediately started taking it. By August, x-ray pictures revealed that all signs of the cancer had disappeared. He is back at his regular business routine.. *

*Case No. 4,

 A woman who was troubled for a number of years with skin cancer. She finally developed different skin cancers which were diagnosed by asking specialist as advanced. Within 3 months after starting on asparagus, her skin specialist said that her skin looked fine and nomore skin lesions. This woman reported that the asparagus therapy also cured her kidney disease, which started in 1949. She had over 10 operations for kidney stones, and was receiving government disability payments for an inoperable, terminal, kidney condition. She attributes the cure of this kidney trouble entirely to the asparagus.

 I was not surprised at this result, as `The elements of Materia Medica', edited in 1854 by a Professor at the University of   Pennsylvania , stated that asparagus was used as a popular remedy for kidney stones. He even referred to experiments, in 1739, on the power of asparagus in dissolving stones.

We would have other case histories but the medical establishment has interfered with our obtaining some of the records. I am therefore appealing to readers to spread this good news and help us to gather a large number of case histories that will overwhelm the medical skeptics about this unbelievably simple and natural remedy. For the treatment, asparagus should be cooked before using, and therefore canned asparagus is just as good as fresh.

            I have corresponded with the two leading canners of asparagus, Giant Giant and Stokely, and I am satisfied that these brands contain no pesticides or preservatives.

1) Place the cooked asparagus in a blender and liquefy to make a puree, and store in the refrigerator.

2) Give the patient 4 full tablespoons twice daily, morning and evening.

 Patients usually show some improvement in from 2-4 weeks. It can be diluted with water and used as a cold or hot drink. This suggested dosage is based on present experience, but certainly larger amounts can do no harm and may be needed in some cases.

As a biochemist I am convinced of the old saying that `what cures can prevent'. Based on this theory, my wife and I have been using asparagus puree as a beverage with our meals.  We take 2 tablespoons diluted in water to suit our taste with breakfast and with dinner. I take mine hot and my wife prefers hers cold.

              For years we have made it a practice to have blood surveys taken as part of our regular checkups.

              The last blood survey, taken by a medical doctor who specializes in the nutritional approach to health, showed substantial improvements in all categories over the last one, and we can attribute these improvements to nothing but the asparagus drink...

              As a biochemist, I have made an extensive study of all aspects of cancer, and all of the proposed cures. As a result, I am convinced that asparagus fits in better with the latest theories about cancer. Asparagus contains a good supply of protein called histones, which are believed to be active in controlling cell growth. For that reason, I believe asparagus can be said to contain a substance that I call cell growth normalizer. That accounts for its action on cancer and inacting as a general body tonic. In any event, regardless of theory, asparagus used as we suggest, is a harmless substance.

              The FDA cannot prevent you from using it and it may do you much good.. It has been reported by the US National Cancer Institute, that asparagus is the highest tested food containing glutathione, which is considered one of the body's most potent anticarcinogens and antioxidants.

Please spread the news...

...the most unselfish act one can ever do is paying forward all the kindness one has received even to the most undeserved person *

All the very best      

Sep. 19th, 2009

What a weird Experience

Talagang weiird yung nangyari kanina.. Kasi habang nasa kotse ako at nakikinig sa mp3/PSP pinaandar pala ni mama yung kotse nang bukas yung pinto sa likod dun sa may left side.. Waaa sabi ko nga sakanya "Grabeeee ka naman bakit mo pinatakbo yung kotse ng bukas pa pala yung pintoooo?" E kasi naman may sira yung pinto na yun... dapat ibaba mo muna yung handle bago talaga syang sumara... XD

Talagang weird na experience yun di pa ako nakasakay sa kotse na umaandar na may bukas na pinto MWAHAHAHAHA...

Sep. 11th, 2009

The Wooden Bowl

Found this again on my email so, there is no source link....
The Wooden Bowl

I guarantee you will remember the tale of the Wooden Bowl tomorrow, a week from now, a month from now,
A year from now.

A frail old man went to live with his son, daughter-in-law, and four-year
-old grandson.
The old man's hands trembled, his eyesight was blurred, and his step faltered

The family ate together at the table. But the elderly grandfather's shaky hands and

Failing sight made eating difficult. Peas rolled off his spoon onto the floor.

When he grasped the glass, milk spilled on the tablecloth.

The son and daughter-in-law became irritated with the mess.
'We must do something about father,' said the son.

'I've had enough of his spilled milk, noisy eating, and food on the floor.'

So the husband and wife set a small table in the corner.

There, Grandfather ate alone while the rest of the family enjoyed dinner.

Since Grandfather had broken a dish or two, his food was served in a wooden bowl.

When the family glanced in Grandfather's direction, sometimes he had a tear in his eye as he sat alone.

Still, the only words the couple had for him were sharp admonitions when he dropped a fork or spilled food.

The four-year-old watched it all in silence.

One evening before supper, the father noticed his son playing with wood scraps on the floor.

He asked the child sweetly, 'What are you making?' Just as sweetly, the boy responded,

'Oh, I am making a little bowl for you and Mama to eat your food in when I grow up.
' The four-year-old smiled and went back to work.

The words so struck the parents so that they were speechless. Then tears started to stream down their cheeks. Though no word was spoken, both knew what must be done.

That evening the husband took Grandfather's hand and gently led him back to the family table.

For the remainder of his days he ate every meal with the family. And for some reason,

Neither husband nor wife seemed to care any longer when a fork was dropped, milk spilled, or the tablecloth soiled.

On a positive note, I've learned that, no matter what happens, how bad it seems today, life does go on, and it will be better tomorrow.

I've learned that you can tell a lot about a person by the way he/she handles four things:

A rainy day, the elderly, lost luggage, and tangled Christmas tree lights.

I've learned that making a 'living' is not the same thing as making a 'life...'

I've learned that life sometimes gives you a second chance.

I've learned that you shouldn't go through life with a catcher's mitt on both hands.You nee d to be able to throw
something back sometimes.

I've learned that if you pursue happiness, it will elude you

But, if you focus on your family, your friends, the needs of others,

Your work and doing the very best you can, happiness will find you

I've learned that whenever I decide something with an open heart, I usually make the right decision.

I've learned that even when I have pains, I don't have to be one.

I've learned that every day, you should reach out and touch someone.

People love that human touch -- holding hands, a warm hug, or just a friendly pat on the back.

I've learned that I still have a lot to learn.

Sep. 7th, 2009

Brownout? or not...

Ganito ang nangyari, nung 1 ng umaga umuulan ng malakas.. wooh sarap sana ng ulan. Kaso may butas yung bubong e di water world mode nanaman maghahanap nanaman ng tabo o timba na pang sahog sa tumutulong tubig.. Tapos pagdating ng 1:30 may parang pumutok (tok)..Kasi naman nabasa yung main fuse na nagsusupply ng kuryente sa bahay.. Kainis na butas at tulo yan .. Edi namantay lahat ng ilaw, etc appliances except yung laptop ko... battery mode.. matagal pa bago nabalik yung kuryente.. natulog ako ng walang electric fan at nilalamok..... nabalik na yun 3PM na...

Wow more than 6 hours na walang kuryente.. hirap wala ako magawa kundi matulog...sana di na ito maulit.. hay,.

Aug. 18th, 2009

Food For Thought (Galing sa Email ko kaya walang source)


An Interview with Dr. Tom Wu N.M.D.
...Cancer, Diabetes, & Heart Disease can be overcome through diet. Dr. Tom Wu 19s breakthroughs with Cancer & Diabetes have earned him the 1cRemarkable Contribution Award 1d from the American Cancer Society and the 1cWorld Famous Doctor Award 1d from The United Nations. Jeff: Dr. Wu, you have helped many thousands of people use 1cReadily Available Foods 1d to help win the battle against cancer, various forms of heart disease, and even helping people with type 1 & 2 diabetes to stabilize their blood sugar naturally. You use many tools, but mostly it is about Simple Foods. Often times you give seminars to Western Doctors in Europe in groups of over 1000. Do you find that these European Western Doctors are receptive to your methods given you have achieved such phenomenal results? Is there any resistance?

Dr. Tom Wu: Most of the time doctors are receptive to what we are saying. We don 19t force them to believe, but we show them the results we 19ve been having. I tell them to try the program for 3 months and provide them a scientific presentation, which proves that all of these diseases come from the wrong food. Fried food causes blockage in the arteries, bad circulation, cholesterol, and then Heart disease. They realize these things. Instead of giving a cholesterol lowering drug, we stop them from eating greasy foods. Many of the Doctors find a good result. We use cleansing foods, which are very high in phytochemicals. These are good for cleansing out the cholesterol and homocysteine, which are the main risk factors for heart disease. Phytochemicals are nature 19s cleansing agents for ridding the body of arterial plaque. They must come from the food that God has provided us within its natural state, complete with its co-factors and co-enzymes.

Jeff: Lets talk about helping to win the battle against Cancer. You 19ve consulted a significant number of people in using 1cReadily Available Foods 1d to help win the fight against: Lung cancer, Breast cancer, and even Pancreatic cancer, which is known as being a certain death sentence. Your dietary guidelines have achieved success where most have failed. America spends over 200 Billion dollars annually on Cancer treatment and over 50 billion annually into researching a cure, but you seem to understand the root cause. What is the most important factor for humanity to conquer this epidemic disease Cancer?

Dr. Tom Wu: Cancer is usually caused by a bad lifestyle. Smoking, drinking, going to bed at a late hour, not getting enough exercise, living in a stressful environment, and above all else - eating the wrong foods. All of these things add to the risk factors for cancer.
In my medical practice people come from all over the world to see me for cancer. I tell them I don 19t 1ctreat 1d any kind of Cancer. I don 19t treat any kind of disease. I only change the food they eat. It depends on what kind of cancer to say what kind of foods will work. They need to blend certain foods to break open the phytochemicals in the fiber of fruits and veggies. Then I will also give them Qigong and Breathing exercises to help relive the stress. Cancer is also an emotional disease. So the Qigong really helps. Conventional treatment uses 3 invasive methods, which are surgery, radiation, and drugs. These often damage the body so much that the patient suffers beyond repair, but I never advise the patient to refuse western medicine. It is a personal choice. In my practice often times a special high dose of Phytochemicals, from natural foods, can often relive the problem. Lets take breast cancer for instance. Usually if you supply the body with enough phytochemicals that contain Indole-3-Carbinol (I3C), which is plentiful in the cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, & spinach the body will take this and fight the cancer. It is a fierce fighter of breast cancer. If they eat this food everyday as much as they can in a semi-raw state of 108 degrees Fahrenheit, it will be a fierce fighter against the cancer. This temperature will increase the absorption and can be achieved by blending the ingredients in a high powered blender. Most important is to use a high powered, 3 horse power blender, to break out the phytochemicals which are binded to the fibers. This abundance of phytochemicals allows the blood to be cleansed and stimulate the enzyme phase 2 inside each cell. A detoxification enzyme inside each cell, which is called enzyme phase 2. These enzymes need phytochemi-
cals to stimulate their function. Most of the time the diet we eat of cooked and refined foods does not possess them.... and for this reason the immune system does not function well. That 19s the main reason why people get cancer.

Our dietary methods of guiding patients with cancer has been successful in a signifigant number of cases. The patient goes on a specialized smoothie diet with various vegetables, fruits and their accompanying seeds, and common garden herbs which are known to be rich in phytochemicals. It all gets thrown in the blender. The type of cancer the person has will dictate which foods are chosen.

Jeff: Food cures have been known about since the time of Hippocrates. How can a simple household food reverse an epidemic like Children 19s Autism? Also please talk about what foods will actually stabilize blood sugar naturally for people who were born with Type 1 Diabetes?

Dr. Tom Wu: To heal the body we need to eat a variety of foods. Not just one. We need every variety, because each food has nutrients that other foods do not have. For example, people that have Autism, and this one is easy to prevent. Many times... Autism is caused by vaccinations or flu shots, which contain mercury. When these old age people get the flu shot they also get the mercury. Surely this mercury can cause Autism and cause Alzheimer 19s disease too. But in the food Cilantro, lies the solution. The Chinese use Cilantro as a chelating agent to help bring out the Mercury from the body and take care for the problem. But it 19s not only the Cilantro that is needed, you need to have a total lifestyle change and a high powered blender to extract all the phytochemicals from the vegetables.
For Type 1 Diabetes, I will use Swiss chard. It is also called red chard and green chard. These are very common vegetables. If people eat these kinds of vegetables everyday,y they will improve their diabetes naturally. Swiss Chard and other specific vegetables contain a high amount of phytochemicals that are 1cInsulin-like 1d. With type 1 diabetes, the pancreas does not function, but you can use certain vegetables to regenerate the pancreas and help it secrete insulin again. You can also use certain Indian Herbs like Gymnema Sylvestre and Cumin seed, as these herbs can help rejuvenate the pancreas function to normal. If a high powered blender is used to make a smoothie including these foods then there is a good chance the Pancreas will eventually produce a normal supply of insulin and take care of type 1 naturally.
Type 2 diabetes its what we call a metabolic syndrome because it is usually accompanied by high blood pressure, overweight, insomnia, and cardiovascular disease. Sometimes it is called X-syndrome because it comes with so many problems. Type 2 diabetics have enough insulin, but it doesn 19t work. This is called 1cinsulin resistance 1d, and it too has a natural solution. What you have to do is add 3 or 4 cucumbers to the diet per day and then the insulin function will begin to improve. When the insulin function is restored, then the weight will naturally come down and the sugar will naturally come down. Jeff: Most people are shocked when you tell them you 19re 67 years old. I 19ve never seen anyone your age with such a radiant shine to their skin and no wrinkles. You have said that 1cJuicing 1d fruits and vegetables actually accelerates the aging process. Why does juicing not prevent, and what makes BLENDING the superior option for any nutrition program?

Dr. Tom Wu: That 19s a good question. The juicer is excellent if you want more vitamins, minerals, and enzymes. But, this doesn 19t prevent the body from getting older. To prevent aging and chronic disease we need the phytochemicals.. When you use the juicer you do not get the anti-aging nutrients at all. Nearly all phytochemicals exist in the skin, fibers, and seeds. When you juice you throw these parts away. Some people use a blender which is less than 3 horsepower and the results have not been the same. A regular blender tastes good, but you don 19t break out all the phytochemicals.

Jeff: You also put the seeds in the blender right? Even the avocado seed!

Dr. Tom Wu: Yes I do!. When I eat the avocado I always eat the seed. It is packed with very good nutrients. It has the life force. It is a very high Qi food! It 19s also the highest in soluble fiber. This soluble fiber binds to the fat and excess cholesterol. Then we can lower cholesterol and improve heart function naturally. We can improve the blood circulation by pulling out all the fatty deposits in our circulatory system with the soluble fiber of the avocado seed. Soluble fiber is very difficult to get in our diet. Oatmeal has some, but it cannot compare with the avocado seed. Any heart disease patient must eat the avocado including the seed.

Jul. 24th, 2009

Writer's Block: Pick and Stick

If you could only eat one kind of cuisine—Mexican, Thai, French, Italian, Indian, Chinese, etc.—for the rest of your life, which one would you choose?
That would be Italian!! Pizza, Spaghetti & Lasagna!!

Apr. 2nd, 2009


My mother is angry with me... Why? because I'm losing my proficiency with the english grammar... When I stopped school for 2 years I practically studied it for the first 5 months of 2005.

This happened on one friday morning  (Friday, March 20, 2009)... I arrived at school at around 10 AM. So... of course I have something to do; I proceeded to go to the library to work on the ADVPROG take home quiz..

I was minding my own business  inside when suddenly....There was a sound of a loud explosion (BOOM) and then there was a lady who arrived and she told us to go out and leave our things.. Because there was an explosion... So, I just placed my laptop inside my bag and left it? So, I proceeded to the gate near the national bookstore. I waited for how many minutes and there was a firetruck that passthrough in taft avenue. It was only a FIRE DRILL like last year but, this year the school's electricity went out and there was a smell of smoke.

After some time we were allowed to go back inside and I immediately went to where my things were. The place was locked and my things were all there..

Previous 10